G-8 leaders pressed Tuesday for Syria transition talks to get underway in Geneva “as soon as possible,” but Russia and western powers remain divided on other key issues.
Meantime, in a shift, France said Tuesday it would be willing to have Iran’s President-elect Hassan Rouhani attend the Geneva II Syria peace conference, following the moderate’s surprise victory in Iran presidential elections last week.
“My position is that if he [Rouhani] can be useful, yes, he would be welcome” at the Geneva conference, French President Francois Hollande said Tuesday on the sidelines of the G-8 summit in Lough Erne, Northern Ireland, Agence France Press reported. France previously opposed Iran's attendance at the Geneva conference, while Russia has argued that Iran should be at the table.
A joint communique issued Tuesday by the G-8 powers-—the United States, Britain, France, Germany, Italy, Canada, Japan and Russia—”strongly” endorsed plans for the Syria peace conference to be held “as soon as possible,” to “implement fully the Geneva Communiqué of 30 June 2012, which sets out a number of key steps beginning with agreement on a transitional governing body with full executive powers, formed by mutual consent,” the document states.
“We remain committed to achieving a political solution to the crisis based on a vision for a united, inclusive and democratic Syria,” it says.
The document calls for the al Qaeda-linked al Nusra Front to leave Syria, but does not call on the Lebanese Shiite militant group Hezbollah to withdraw its fighters from Syria. It also does not mention Bashar al-Assad even once.
American officials pointed to its call for a transition body with full executive authority to be established out of the Geneva meeting as an important area of Russian-western consensus, as well as its demand that Syria give the United Nations access to investigate alleged chemical weapons use.
“There’s agreement with the Russians that there needs to be a path to political transition, that the status quo is unacceptable, and what needs to be focused on is stability for the Syrian people,” State Department spokesperson Jen Psaki told journalists at the State Department press briefing Tuesday.
“Our position… is there is no role for Assad in Syria,” Psaki said. “However, there is a [place] for those in the regime who are willing to accept the end of Assad’s reign and work for a better future for Syria.”
Under Secretary of State Wendy Sherman and acting Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs Beth Jones are due to hold another preparatory meeting with Russian and UN officials next week in Geneva, the State Department said Tuesday. It wasn't clear if the conference would be held in July, or would be pushed back.
Separately, Secretary of State John Kerry argued “vociferously” for immediate air strikes against Syrian military air fields at a White House principals committee meeting last Wednesday (June 12th), but was shot down by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Gen. Martin Dempsey, Jeffrey Goldberg reported at Bloomberg View Tuesday. The White House announced that President Obama had decided to provide lethal support to the Syrian rebels Thursday (June 13th), a day after the reportedly contentious White House meeting.
“Unless you’ve been involved in those conversations, then it’s kind of hard for you to understand that the complexity of the situation and how we have to not rush into one more war in the Middle East,” President Obama told Charlie Rose in an interview Sunday.
“[T]he fact of the matter is, is that we've got serious interests there, and not only humanitarian interests; we can't have the situation of ongoing chaos in a major country that borders a country like Jordan which in turn borders Israel,” Obama said in the interview, which was broadcast Monday. “And we have a legitimate need to be engaged and to be involved.”
(Photo: Russian President Vladimir Putin, British Prime Minister David Cameron and President Obama wave during a group photo for the G-8 summit in Enniskillen, Northern Ireland July 18, 2013. Kevin Lamarque / Reuters.)