UN urges Russia, US to resume Syria peace talks


UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon, on the third anniversary of Syria’s civil war, appealed to the US and Russia to get the Syrian parties back to the peace table.

“The Secretary-General appeals to the region and the international community and in particular to the Russian Federation and the United States, as the initiating States of the Geneva Conference on Syria, to take clear steps to re-energize the Geneva process,” a spokesman for Ban Ki-Moon said in a statement Wednesday.

UN Syria envoy Lakhdar Brahimi is due to brief the UN Security Council in New York on Thursday and the full UN General Assembly on the Syria diplomatic track on Friday, a UN spokesperson told Al-Monitor Wednesday.

As to officials saying Brahimi had recently threatened to the Russians to quit if they wouldn’t press the Assad regime to discuss political transition, there were few signs in Ban’s statement Wednesday that the veteran Algerian diplomat is planning an abrupt exit. “Working with Joint Special Representative Lakhdar Brahimi, the Syrian sides and regional and international actors must act now to bring the tragedy in Syria to an end,” Ban’s statement said.

The situation, however, is still “unclear,” a western diplomat said Wednesday.

It’s “still a work in progress as to how we would get to round three, but efforts continue,” the western diplomat, speaking not for attribution, told Al-Monitor Wednesday. The “key is to get [the] regime to commit to discuss not only terrorism, but [the Transitional Governing Body] TGB as well.”

France on Wednesday circulated a draft UN Security Council press statement that would call for fully backing Brahimi’s efforts, including holding simultaneous discussions on both political transition and ending terrorism and violence. Continue reading

‘A good beginning,’ Brahimi says of first day of Syria peace talks


Geneva, Switzerland __ UN Syria envoy Lakhdar Brahimi said representatives from Syria’s two warring sides met in the same room for about three hours on Saturday for the first time.

“They have talked to each other this afternoon,” Brahimi told journalists at a Geneva press conference at the conclusion of the first day of joint talks Saturday. Describing the set up in the room where the parties met in the UN’s Palais des Nations, he said, “One delegation was at a table on the left, the other on the right, facing each other. They talk through me, to one another. ”

“This is what happens in civilized discussions, ” Brahimi said. “i think it is a good beginning.”

“We have not achieved much, but we are continuing,” Brahimi said.

In the afternoon, the two sides discussed a UN proposal to send an aid convoy into the besieged Syrian city of Homs. But the Syrian government negotiator, Syrian UN envoy Bashar Jaafari, claimed to be unaware of it, in spite of the fact that Russia had previously presented the proposal to the Syrian regime, diplomats said. The proposal is currently under review by the Syrian government for possible approval Sunday, Brahimi said.

The two sides plan to discuss prisoner releases on Sunday, Brahimi said, with a push first for the release of women and children held by the regime, Syrian opposition delegates said.

The Syrian opposition praised what they called the preparatory talks on confidence building measures, and said talks would turn to the more politically sensitive issue of the formation of the transitional governing body beginning on Monday.

“The most important element discussed today was on humanitarian corridors for Homs, which has been besieged for the past 19 months without food,” Louay Safi, a spokesman for the Syrian Opposition Coalition negotiating team, told journalists at a press conference Saturday evening.

“Now we are going through the preparatory phase of securing the release of detainees,” Safi said.

Safi, notably, took several questions from Syrian state media, and made a point of thanking the reporters for their questions and striking a calm, civil tone.

“Why do you not accept elections?” a reporter from a Syrian state radio outlet asked. “What balance do you have among your people inside Syria? Can you give guarantees to kidnapped civilians, ….why speak only of [a humanitarian corridor for the] small area of Homs.”

“Thank you very much,’ Safi said before answering her question. “These are very important questions.”

“We want humanitarian corridors in all areas, but Homs is like a test balloon,” Safi said. “We want to see if the regime is willing to provide food to people who are starving, not hungry, but starving.”

When a Syrian state news agency SANA reporter asked the opposition spokesman, aren’t all the people left in the old city of Homs terrorists, Safi remained calm as he disagreed. There are 500 civilian families in Homs, men, women, children, without running water for over 8 months, digging wells and eating animals on the street to survive, he said.

Another reporter asked what the opposition might offer in exchange for concessions by the Syrian regime.

“Actually we are offering to save Syria from destruction,” Safi said.

“Many people in Syria would like to know about where we stand,” Safi said, noting Syrian state media propaganda pursuing a campaign to portray the Syrian opposition as terrorists. “We think the people need to hear from us.”